A gingivectomy procedure is the total removal of a portion of the gum from in and around a tooth or teeth in order to treat gum disease or to lengthen the height or width of a tooth or multiple teeth. It can be performed by a general dentist who has training in periodontal surgery. The procedure is more likely to be done by a periodontist. A periodontist is a dentist with specialized training in the treatment of gums and gum conditions

Another type of periodontal surgery is called a gingivoplasty. A gingivoplasty is different than a gingivectomy as the former only involves a partial removal of the gums. The latter removes an entire portion of a gum section.